When the news of the fall of Sumter reached Cincinnati, the Germans in the area immediately held a meeting at Turner Hall, for the purpose of raising a German regiment. The assembly was addressed by Judge J.B. Stallo, Colonel A. Moor and Colonel Robert L. McCook (one of the fighting McCook's of Carrollton).
Two hundred men were soon enrolled, and three days later there were 1500 ready to be mustered into service; but the companies were not allowed to exceed 98 men. Many were rejected and compelled to return reluctantly to their homes.
On the 22nd of April, 1861, the regiment was mustered into three month service by Captain Gordon Granger, United States Army, at Camp Dennison. Here the regiment was reorganized as the Ninth Ohio Volunteer Infantry and was mustered into service for three years. It was the first three year organization from the State of Ohio.
On the 16th of June the Ninth left the State of Ohio to begin their part of the War. On the 20th they entered West Virginia. They marched from Webster to Phillipi, a distance of 15 miles in three hours. They met the enemy at Middle Fork Bridge. They then advanced to Rich Mountain engaging the enemy again and sustained their first personnel loss. One killed and two wounded. They continued to advance accross Rich Mountain into Tagart's Valley, through Beverly and Huntsville to Cheat Mountain.
Throughout the rest of 1861, they took part in many skirmishes all through the Allegheny Mountains. On the 1st, of January 1862, they moved toward Columbiana, and from there advanced to Camp Hamilton on Jan. 17. The regiment participated in the battle of Mill Springs, and made a decisive charge, completely routing the Rebels. Ever after the battle of Mill Springs in the Ninth Ohio and the Second Minnesota were attached to each other by the strongest friendship. Perfect harmony of feeling existed between them, and each was always watchful for the honor of the other.
On the 10th of February they marched via Crab Orchard, Danville, Lebanan and Bardstown to Louisville. The patriotic ladies of Louisville presented them with a beautiful national flag as a reward for their gallantry at Mill Springs. (I wonder if any of those flags still exist.)
They continued their gallant self-sacrificing actions during the rest of their three year service. During these latter days of their service, Colonel Robert L. McCook (now General Robert L. McCook) was ambushed and shot by a party of guerillas. On Sept. 6, 1862, the 52nd Ohio Infantry, commanded by Colonel Dan McCook, son of General Robert L. McCook, passed by the house of the leader of the guerillas who murdered his father. Colonel Dan McCook selected a detachment and sent it with instructions to make the place a desolate waste, leaving only sufficient food and shelter for some half dozen slaves who still clung to the doomed place. The order was literally fulfilled and Colonel Dan McCook had his revenge on his father's murderer.
The Ninth Ohio received an enthusiastic reception at Cincinnatti where they were mustered out at Camp Denison on the 7th of June, 1864. They should not be forgotten.
Please remember to keep all of our military personnel and their families in your prayers.
Charles R. Pearson, Chaplain
Malvern Legion Post 375